The use of biomass for energy purposes in the county is at its very first stages; only two facilities related to this activity can be mentioned. The main activity of the Matra Power Plant with its depot in the Village of Visonta is electricity generation based on the lignite supply of approx. 1 billion tonnes found nearby. The installed capacity of the power plant is 836 MW made up by five blocks. Based on the data 2010, the following biomass types are combusted in the Power Plant.
The other facility utilising biomass is the semi-plant biomass central heating plant at Gyongyos. The facility at the T ass-puszta depot of the Karoly Robert College was opened in September 2007 and primarily intends to advance the developments between laboratory and industrial in size.
The furnace suitable for studying semi-plant volumes with a total capacity of 1 MW (furnaces with capacities of 400 kW and 600 kW) were set to facilitate the combustion technologic examination of various biomass products and their mixtures with conventional (fossil) fuels. The biomass central heating plant primarily does not intend to meet the existing heat demands but it is mainly operated to accomplish combustion probe of various fuels, and by this experimenting the optimal conditions for combustion.
A SYSTEMATISATION AND CLUSTERISATION OF ACTORS ADJUNCT TO THE BIOMASS INDUSTRY
In the County of Heves, a number of actors, adjunct to the biomass industry is present. As well as they can be competitive with each other, in order to achieve success, networking among them, to which a possibility is clusterization, is also required. Within the region, the establishment of a regional cluster in type can be implemented as the actors of the industry are geographically concentrated (Fig 1).
The establishment of a cluster in the County of Heves had been already proposed in 2009 (Gergely S., 2009). As claimed by the author the focal concern can be, in addition to the Matra Heat Power Plant Close Corporation, heat power plants of towns and small-sized power plants to be established in the future (of which one example is the heat power plant of the Karoly Robert College near the Town of Gyongyos – ‘Tass puszta’).
Based on the results of the preliminary research carried out, the value chain potentially most suitable for development is related to dendromass (Fig 2.)
1. On the producers’ side, in addition to the number of private owners, a large extent of forested areas is under the management of the Egererdo Close Corporation. The company, beyond the regulated logging of forests, also undertakes processing activities (e.g. production of hardwood floor).
2. The Egererdo Close Corporation owns a high-capacity mobile wood-chipper to process biomass. Apart from these wood-chips, a company selling wood-pellets and producing appliances for the timber industry is also operating in the target area.
3. Although, there are deposits of fuel sales companies functioning in the micro-region, unlike are large-capacity warehouses providing appropriate conditions for wood-chips.
4. Combustion of wood-chips on a small-scale (e.g. in houses) is recommended by the literature only when the combustible is not to be conveyed to larger distances. Special furnaces can be procured now only from outside the target area as no company involved in the development or production of such appliances is existing in the area.
5. Wood-ash, depending on the way of combustion, even can be classified as hazardous waste. The low amount of wood-ash resultant from conventional burning was traditionally used by peasants’ farms prior to the age of modernisation. At certain levels or in the case of application of given special technologies, it can contain heavy metals, hazardous substances that are important to be detected before recycling this material to nature.