The methodological techniques and ways of analyzing the observations play a significant role in social research. Social scientists have commonly been using comprehensive sociological approach and advance techniques in social research in the modern era. Social scientists now use the sophisticated methodological tools and techniques in social research. Therefore, methodology is a frame for researcher. “The methodology is a system of explicit rules and procedures upon which research is based and against which the claims for knowledge are evaluated (Nachmias and Nachmias, 1992)”. The validity, reliability and precision of analytical analysis depend upon scientific methodology.
The present study had been conducted in the city area of Faisalabad. The target population of present study was consisted of all the religious leaders of different Maslaks (i.e. Barelvi, Deobandi, Ahle-Hadith and Ahle Tashe) who were running the registered mosques in Faisalabad city. Sampling frame was prepared in order to draw the sample. Stratified proportionate random sampling technique was used to draw the sample. One hundred twenty-five Imam Masjid were interviewed. Data was collected during October and November 2010. Simple Percentage, Chi-square test and Gamma Statistics were applied to check the central tendency and to ascertain association between independent and dependent variables. The test-statistic to use is
A sampling frame is a complete map that contains all the sampling units in a population (Nachimias and Nachimias, 1992).
There were following Masajids of different Maslak or sects in city areas of Faisalabad.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS
Analysis and interpretation of data are the most important steps for conducting scientific social research. Without these steps, generalization and prediction cannot be achieved which is the basic need in social research. Three main indicators i.e. income, moderate opinion of the religious leaders and education were used as explanatory variables to measure the perception of the religious leaders in the present study. While foreign investment, religious leaders must be brought into the main stream of society, social and psychological disorders were used as indicators to construct the dependent variable i.e. perception of the religious leaders. Three hypotheses were constructed in the light of Durkheimian concepts about suicide to measure the perception of the religious leaders.
Higher the income of the respondents, stronger opinion of the religious leaders that the suicide bombing will likely badly effects the foreign investment in Pakistan
Table-1: Association between the higher income of the respondents’ opinion and effects on foreign investment in Pakistan T able-1 depicts the association between the income oi the respondents and eiiect on foreign investment in Pakistan and the value of chi-square shows that there is significant association between the two attributes. Therefore, “the hypothesis is accepted because the perception of religious leaders regarding their income that foreign investment was badly affected due to suicide bombing in Pakistan”. While the value of the Gamma= 0.172 is showing the positive relationship between the dependent and independent variables. Similar results were found by Hussain (2007) he concluded that Terrorism has greatly affected the foreign investment in Pakistan. Foreign investment is decline to $ 910.20 Million from $1.4 Billion in Fy 08-09. Dye to decline in investment poverty and unemployment rises.