My great deal of intention of taking the advantage of the word ‘nature’ in the mentioned heading of my article is its broad framework in meaning and consideration. The word has the abilityto cover numerous concepts like landscape, geography, climate, flora and fauna which are thoroughly tangible in Canadian literary works especially Susanna Moodle’s ‘Roughing it in the Bush’. She with the experience of emigration from England into new land (Canada) by the great expectations in mind of the new life has obtained the required ability to write about the deep effect of nature in the people; however, she concluded all those colourful dreams and the new landall in fake and counterfeit. By this opinion and point of view, in the following there is going to be a brief introduction to nature in the history of Literature of Canada significantly in the nineteen century contemporary to this manuscript done by Susanna Moodie. Mostly quite deal of scholars and researcheshas been doing their attempts to concentrate on an especial aspect of nature considered by the human beings eyes. The term ‘nature’ covers the overall environment, physical reality of the land with which early explores were encountered a few centuries before and which still keeps on haunting the Canadian imagination. Payday Loans Online
Based on KonradHolleis’s idea, a scholar from university of Wien, if we have a surface glimpse at the background of the nature in Canadian literature in recent years, a bizarre triangle mutual influence will be observed. It is out of the question to speak of the Canadian nature without reference to literary representations of settlers and explorers, simply because they were the only witnesses to the land that was not developed by Western civilization and was unexplored at that time. It is also impossible to write about Canadian literature without paying attentionto the emergence of the search for a national identity that commenced in the late nineteenth century. Furthermore, it does not make any sense to speak about national identity regardless of the impact of nature on the Canadian imagination and self-perception. Therefore, without an identity in a discussion of the nature and literature in Canada is just as senseless as excluding the nature or literature from the other two following elements.
Nature was in existent first. It was there when Jacques Cartier and Samuel de Champlain cruised up the St. Lawrence River. Itexisted there when the fur trade was commenced. It was there when the leading European settlers attained and strained to found a colony. All these people gathered in a country still largely unexplored with a harsh climate and incredible scenery. They faced a huge presence of nature, and had to encounter in different ways. They resistedfor surviving in a hostile environment, they were impressed at the strangeness of landscape, and finally they utilized the land’s resources to build an economy that worked for them and guaranteed their survival. They cultivated the land, and soon started to exploit and destroy it. The people, who had not been in the true north, even they had to have their living outside the community alongside the feeling the enormous presence of it. A simple glimpse at the map, the vastness of the country is revealed that they were occupied and oral news of the adventurers in the border or in the north, or any other part of unexplored country had to have a strong influence. Although the country was not settled as sparsely as numerousearly accounts propose, large tracts of uninhabited land, where researchers were exposed to a natural environment were seen. Even Canada currently is the second largest country in the globe with only thirty three million inhabitants, making it one of the least populated and densely countries in the world. The land was there from the start, and was a massive area that settlers were provided many challenges. So the nature of Canada had a profound influence on its occupants from the early beginning.
Literature was in second place. Inspired by its natural environment, people commenced to write about their own experiences in the new land. The pioneers of English literature in Canada were the researchers who came from Europe and attempted to deal with the unknown country in order to write and longtravel reports mention in their diaries or notes the. It is worth mentioning Samuel Hearne and Alexander Mackenzie in this issue. In a few decades later, Catherine Parr Traill and Susanna Moodie came to write about their experiences asincomers in the Upper Canada. Traill appearsto be a curious and flexible woman, who acclaimed the pioneer life in ‘The Backwoods of Canada’. Moodie as the centered person in this paper, on the other hand,represented the nature of Canada as adeception and warned the women in her class of a trip to Canada in her memoir ‘Roughing It in the Bush’ published in 1852. The quality of Canadian fiction develops in a very slow speed at first. None of the novels in Canada before the late nineteenth century existed; therefore, the only few of which were written at that time were mostly adventure stories dealing with garrison life. Of course, all these stories were a sort of responses to the nature of Canada in some way.
Finally the search for national identity with the British North America Act of 1867 commenced. Starting this year, it was quite obvious that a country that was threatened by the invasion of the United States of America and that was still very deeply dependent on Britain did its best to strengthen its national identity. From the outset there were great deal of tensions between French and English Canada, and continued until the 20th Century. The ambition of a national identity originated primarily from the English side, and the shaping factors for the cultural identity were rather ethnic and religious than political. The fact that Canada as a country,directedits troops to Europe gave a greatincreaseto the confidence of Canada. In the years of the post-World War II Canada was more politically independent of Great Britain, which gave the legislative independence to Canada and gave it its own decision makings in foreign policy. What has mostly shaped Canada’s national identity which is fairlysignificant in recent years is the policy of multiculturalism. The celebration of various identities in the country has become a determinant for Canadian identity.
Mrs. Moodie’s masterpiece, Roughing It in the Bush, appeared in the year 1852, and slightly less prosperous follow-up of this work, ‘Life in the Clearings versus the Bush’, a year later. Susanna Strickland born in Bungay, Suffolk, England married J. W. D. Moodie, an English officer in the army. They both together immigrated in 1832 to Upper Canada (now Ontario) and settled for the first time on a farmland next to Coburg. In 1834 they moved to an area of backwoods in the municipality of Duero and cleared a farm from the wilderness. Captain Moodie was involved in the suppression of the rebellion failed in 1837, led by William Lyon Mackenzie, and soon became the Sheriff of the County of Hastings. Thereafter, they dwelled in Belleville, where Moodie made the most of her literary works. She passed away in Toronto.
The Canadian classic ‘Roughing It in the Bush’ has been written as a narrative in which the author is the raconteur of her own experiences as an emigrant from Britain, in her expedition to the New World, and her challenges to settle and her senses of life in the “Bush” of Canada. We encounter with every character with her and learn the details in their secret thoughts, as we get to discern each one of them. We start, naturally, with first impresses, based on physical detail. We understand the peculiarities, habits or idiosyncrasies peculiar to that specific character and which both describe the character and make him or her more memorable. The differentinformation given about each character put him or her into a sort of role that might be a stereotypical mirror image of Victorian sensibilities and prejudiceof Susanna Moodies. After filling her character, Mrs Moodie marks several comments that lead the reader to know what impressions she has had to date by that specificindividual, what conclusions she hasobtained. This is significant for the story, and predicting how it will react and interact with the character. The ongoing paper is going to analyse the novel based on ecocriticism which can be applied to most of Canadian literary works as well as Susanna Moodie’s Roughing It in the Bush’. The aspect that this article will peruse from the ecocriticism theory is the nature and/ versus human being (here the main character will be the author herself as a woman immigrant). Therefore, the influence of nature on the first character of the novel will be brought under scope of analysis.