For example, elements of monks’ world before Islam existed before that time. By the way, there are the philosopher-scientists opinions relatively to abstract thinking, intuition, opinion of Plato on the formation of the genius outlook of monks. Abu Hanifa’s theory also underwent many tests on the way of entry into the consciousness of Kazakhs.
For the purpose of unity the Muslim, the religion scholars such as Bedaui, Razi who systematised a theory of the Koran and took it as a base, the well-known theorists of hadist teaching Bukhari and imam Tarisi; imam Maturidi, Ashari who laid the basis of religion of akida; Abu Hanif, Abu Yusuf, Marginani who shaped science of fakih shariat, tasuufs – if the eminent educators Yussuf Hamadini, Kozha Akhmet Yassawi who guided by Koran and its sunets, entirely codified religion of Islam” (D.Kydyrali “The Way of Spiritual Renaissance”, Yeghemen Kazakhstan, September 28, 2011), they would serve as the primary source of religious and educational movement that took place in the X-XX centuries on the Kazakh land. In that case, we’ll be right if we name the above theories of religious education teachers, the theories of these geniuses followed the theory of Abu Hanif, the ways of training and education of A.Yassaui and become philosophers of their time and religious scholars. As people gained the knowledge from such brilliant mentors-educators with great wealth of contemporary character knowledge and trained in humanistic, progressive spirit can be illiterate? Youth in Peacebuilding
Establishment of religious and educational course in all the countries of East and Central Asia and the presence of the Kazakh people such a deep history is very important to his past and present life. To tell you the truth, before the October Revolution the people of Kazakhstan, a survivor of the patriarchal clan feudal society, initially does not recognize the Bolshevik system because of the only reason – the influence of strong foundations of the Muslim principles on our religious mindset and the religious and educational trends based on them. It is quite obvious that the coming of religious leaders being at the head of the national liberation uprising affected the Kazakh land of early XX century is not accidental. We can cite as examples of the Syrland revolts led by Maral ishan, Akmyrza ishan. Leafing individual the pages of history, it is impossible not to remember the bloodshed of deceased ancestors who participated in the national liberation revolt. If you recognize that religious educators were involved in the uprising along with the heroes of the rebels, the search for information about their life, making public, the perpetuation of their memory for the sake of the story is unquestionably true…
Great independence. Arguing in this regard, it is clear that we have to mention the religious and educational theory and thinking of the Kazakh society. However, the religious education theory has played a leading role not only in education but in all areas of public life and the consciousness of the people in the history of Kazakh land before the October Revolution, and we still can not fully say that we got our independence in not easy way.
It should be noted that about 100 mosques and madrassas not only taught literacy on the Syrland before the October Revolution, but they had a great system promoting the development of civil status and look. There are many cases even before the October Revolution when the mosque-madrassas taught not only religious doctrines, science, social subjects but also Russian. This fact shows that the mosques and madrassas of religious and educational areas with the progressive nature in the people’s life was the driving force of society. And what about our fellow countrymen who became great statesmen, public figures after finishing such mosque-madrassas?
Thus, speaking on independence and discussing its history, we can not ignore the religious and educational theory which is designated as contribution to the development of the Kazakh society and its representatives, their identity and services to the people. On the contrary, today such areas of science as history, philosophy, sociology, pedagogy and others will solve many of the problems regarding the theory and history of our Kazakh spiritual outlook. And most importantly, we are satisfied with the fact that there is evidence of non-dried up spirit of independence and dream of people on the path of national liberation and freedom.
The Syrland is under many events in this area. An example of commemorating historical figures is a scientific-theoretical conference on “Religious and educational thinking on the Syrland” held under the direction of scientists of the Korkyt Ata State University to the 230th anniversary of Maran ishan Kurmanuly (October 29, 2010). New information about his religious education and national activities was widely reported there.
Most opinions and thoughts were devoted to religious educational thinking completely swept the Kazakh society before the Revolution and the details of this unique system. It was also spoken of the need to diversify the study of religious and educational thinking which became the spiritual content and the driving force of society and life activity and merit of scholars and educators to the people.
The conference adopted the following proposals:
1. To note the importance of the conference in the education of the young generation in the spirit of patriotism, the need for a new interpretation of the history of country and a new path blazed by the country.
2. To turn the process of educational awareness in the Syrland to the objective research in such areas as philosophy of science, history, science, theology, literature, art history, cultural studies, political science. Find ways to fund the state, businesses and institutions development through scientific capacity and capability of the Korkyt Ata KSU.
3. To announce a competition of survey research papers and organize creative teams, to promote independent study students of the materials completely covering all facets of the Maral ishan Kurmanuly with historical and political events of the Kazakh society in his life activity years, and further in-depth study by the inclusion in the list of topics of the theses.
4. It would be great if it became a tradition to hold scientific conferences based on the Korkyt Ata KSU dedicated to the great son of the Kazakh people Maral Yishan Kurmanuly once in 5 years, the expansion of applications, the conversion of such activities in the everyday one, the introduction of new data in science, recapitulation of studies.
On this basis, it is particularly pleased to note that such conference dedicated to the 150th anniversary of Kalzhan akhun will be held in the Syrdarya region in 2012. Moreover this year will be celebrated as a year of Kalzhan akhun and his religious teaching, mentoring and research activities, as well as publishing books.
During preparation for the conference the scientists of the research institute “Korkytstudies” at the Korkyt Ata KSU conduct research on translation works from Arabic, Persian, and old-shagatay language into Kazakh language manuscripts, poems, texts of Kalzhan akhun. Our goal is to complete information about the biography of Kalzhan akhun, to carry out a comprehensive analysis of his teaching, religious education and at the same time to elaborate on the status of mosques and madrassas, education, religious and educational thinking, goals and directions to be followed by ishans and akhuns in learning, types of training programs and teaching materials used in the classroom. And our activities are not ineffectual. We first learned of the activities of the intelligentsia in the name of the country, about religion, about the state of religious education, political and social issues through the works of Kalzhan akhun and books read and used by him.