The rich spiritual world is a basic characteristic of a developed, prosperous society. The more conscious, qualitative actions the state takes in society, the clearer and brighter will be the future. If you carefully examine the history of the Kazakh society, and if the events, many situations of its birth, development and formation are true, so a fact of importance in strengthening the independence, stability of spiritual outlook and indifferent attitude to the current state is obvious.
In this regard, it is important to identify, weigh and allocate the right and wrong sides of the society, the qualitative features of the educational and theoretical aspects, distinguish truth and lie in the philosophical thinking on the phenomena peculiar to the religious and educational system based on the principles of the Islamic religion, which was widespread in the Kazakh society before the Revolution. Video shot boundary detection
Academician G.Yessim proved a development of religious and educational mindset in the Kazakh society in four areas:
1. religious and educational mindset in the Kazakh literature: in folklore, epics and poems that took place in all genres and samples of oral and written literature, works of art: mazars, mosques, tombs, etc.
2. direct link between the religious and educational mindset and public education.
3. direct link between the religious and educational mindset and upbringing.
4. widespread use of religious and educational thinking in law (“Religious and educational mindset on Syrland”. Proceedings of scientific and theoretical conference dedicated to the 230th anniversary of Maral ishan, Almaty, 2010, p.7).
Religious and educational mindset, fully embracing the spiritual side of the Kazakh society had a direct influence on the formation of national consciousness, ideas and ideologies. Academician Yessim wrote: “On the basis of religious educational thinking the religious thinking was emerged, established and developed. It originates from Al Farabi to Platoon, Aristotle and ends with Abai and Shakarim. And I want to say that creativity and outlook of remarkable poets of the Kazakh people: the very Dospambet, Kaztugan, Shal akyn, Makhambet, Turmaganbet, Zhambyl, Suyunbay and other singers of zhyrau are eventually referred to the religious educational mindset formed on the Kazakh land” (see above books, page 9).
We know from history that the driving force in shaping the society of religious and educational thinking is the land of Syr. The ishans and akhuns being a part of the educated intellectuals devoted themselves to the action of taking a clear position in its national consciousness, life and mode of life by the religious and educational thinking of the Kazakh people before the revolution. Those who lived in the X-XX centuries and got education in such cities as Mecca, Medina, Bagdad, Sham, Ystambul, Cairo, Kabul, Herat, Hiram, Khorezm, Urgenish, Samarkand, Bukhara carried out their activity in the Central Asia and Kazakhstan. Focusing on the chapter of N.Mynzhassov from scientific, historical and informative book “Syrdarya” of “My Motherland is Kazakhstan” series, we found out the autobiographical details on some akhuns and ishans lived in the Syrdarya region and analyzed their activities for the service of people during their life (“Syrdarya”, Astana, publishing house “Foliant”, 2011, p. 139). They are: Said Akhmed Kossani (1461- 1542), Maktum Seyit baba (1590-1663), Kozhan kozha (1595-1676), Madikozha (XVII century), Mussirali sopy aziz (XVII-XVIII), Seytbembet auliye (XVIII-XIX), Maral ishan Kurmanuly (1780-1841), Kulboldy ishan (1785-1860), Orazay ishan Bugybayuly (1809), Sayfnazar akhun (1811-1873), Kalkay ishan (1815-1860), Oraz-Mukhamedzhan akhuyn (1836-1894), Munaytpas bi Lapin (1838-1918), Altaybek akhun (1841-1913), Baymen akhuyn (1846-1916), Tapal akhun (1842-1921, Babay ishan zhunissuly (1857-1937), Kalzhan akhun Bolekbayuly (1857-1916), Zharmukhammed ishan Orazayuly (1858-1919), Sadyk akhun Kadyruly (1860-1937),Akhmet ishan Orazayuly (1861-1927), Maksut ishan (1873-1938), Akmyrza ishan (18821930), Karamolda Mukhamedzhan (1888-1937), Suleymen ishan Yesseyuly (1888-19969) and others.
In the book “Syrdarya”, along with autobiographical data, we have presented their activity in:
-assistance in the development of state and its introduction to the world civilization, development of the national culture;
-construction of mosques, the education of the country in the spirit of compassion and spirituality;
-organization of educational activities, opening of schools, madrassas;
-study of history, language, literature, art, philosophy, medicine, pharmaceuticals, and other fields;
-advocating treatment and a healthy lifestyle of population;
-occupational guidance and settled way of life;
-assistance in the social sphere, charity for socially vulnerable segments of population;
-promoting religious education and the national movement of the peoples of Central Asia against the colonial rule of the Russian Empire;
-organization of educational activities of the Russian education system;
-dissemination of manuscripts chanting the classic examples of written literature and folklore heritage in Arab-Persian, Turkic languages, and publication of books, etc.;-continuation of work on the Muslim religious upbringing: patriotism, love of truth in terms of the ideological constraints of the Soviet era (“Syrdarya”, Astana, 2011, publishing house “Foliant”, p.145).