We have learned from these manuscripts that Kalzhan akhun was a cultural, intelligent man of his time encouraging the country and the people to acquire knowledge, to study culture, to sedentary lifestyle, learning to live under shariat laws, to entry into Islam, to teaching the natural cycle of mathematics, chemistry, and biology along with religious objects in mosques and madrassas. He tried to explain students the laws of time, to solve the complex life contentious issues in the relationship between people following the laws of shariat. It can be seen from the manuscripts that Kalzhan akhun is the founder of the philosophy of the monks with cognitive side. He is a Muslim of the religious direction of agzam imam Abu Hanifa, an instructor who raised a Muslim of Turkic type, a social scientist, a leading intellectual of his time, a philosopher who led the nation to future through education. Screening methods
Grammar of the Arabic Language
Arabic language is divided into sarf and nafu. Sarf (morphology) studis the words and their forms.
In Arabic the pronouns are derived from words. Arabic verbs are composed of three letters, sometimes four, and five-letter words are found. In order to find a meaning of the word, you first need to find its root. For example, the roots of the words book and writer are the same, for example: keteba – kitap, kutubun, katibun, maktabun. To find meaning in Arabic dictionary it is firstly necessary to know the root of the word. For example: a teacher, scientist, science, the root of the word is education.
Strengthening Family Ties
Relatives are as the branches of the tree. They grow up together, bring up together and become adult together from the same root. Therefore, their relationship can not be interrupted because of money or live cattle. That person who is indifferent to his relatives’ needs, is indifferent to others. The elders stay at the rights of parents and they are to be honored. The Prophet Paygambar ordered: ”Give equal rights of the elder brothers with rights of parents”.
Accordingly to the Muslim law a couple is permitted to be divorced taking into account the fact that they can be mistaken under choice of each other and in some cases there can be at variance. However, Prophet Paygambar warns that: “Allakh dislikes such things”.
Divorce is called ‘talaq’ by Muslim law. There are some features of divorce:
1. It’s a sin to divorce without following the requirements of Koran and sunnet.
2. It’s a sin to divorce with woman having no demerits and fault in her behavior and actions.
3. It’s a sin to divorce with woman who is close to hard drinking and gambling.
4. It’s a duty to divorce with a woman who makes the unworthy things in their family life, neglecting the religious matters.
5. The couple takes a decision to be divorced in a case of a lack of love. Accordingly to the Muslim law, a man is given to make a ‘talaq’ because his psychology is different from a woman’s one by his specific balance and confidence in taking decisions. The goal of ‘talaq’ is to reconcile a couple because the best thing for a man to divorce is to say ‘talaq’ three times. After divorce a couple has three chances to be reconciled. The last term for saying ‘talaq’ is 3 months.
According to Muslim law, each member is entitled to a share of the inheritance. If the deceased person is the heir-child, then he is owed two-thirds share. Sons are entitled to inherit twice more than the wives and daughters. But if the heir is a girl, she rightfully owns a half of the inheritance. Muslim court decides to entrust the inheritance of children in very good hands as long as the children reach adulthood. Inheritance is given to children who are over the age of majority. This was set out in the Koran as follows: Do not trust the property of orphans to wicked people, but rather give them, even if they didn’t reach full age. Feed them, clothe them and treat them kindly. Patronize them until they express desire to marry. If you see that they have grown up, give them their property – (inheritance). Fearing that they are older, do not spend their property.
If the deceased person has no children but has a mother and father, then his wife is owned to one third of his estate. If the deceased has brothers and sisters, then the wife gets half of the inheritance. If the deceased has no children, no parents, then his wife gets one-fourth of the estate. If the deceased has a lot of relatives, then they get one-third of the estate. And if the deceased left a daughter, the daughter gets one-third of the inheritance, and the rest is given to orphans, widows and the poor and needy.
As we can see from the above-said, there’s nothing wrong that would lead to harm and changes of people. There is nothing. On the contrary, we see evidence that Kalzhan akhun was a great ideologue, educator engaged in teaching activities. He followed the path of a true Muslim adhering to the rules of shariat.
In that case we should follow the example of Kalzhan akhun’s life. Our goal is the all-round study of religious and educational ideology of the Syrland, teaching the real history to the present and future generations for the benefit of the people.